My daily readings 11/03/2010

    • 上海大学社会学教授顾骏说:“从现实的情况看,目前,各阶层之间流动受阻的情况是存在的。”

      中国劳动学会副会长兼薪酬委员会会长苏海南也提出担忧:“近几年社会底层特别是农民以及农民工家庭的子女,通过教育实现向上流动的动力越来越小,成本越来越高,渠道有变窄的趋势。”

    • “从历史上看,中国改革开放为人们提供了很多机会。那时候,只要有胆识,下海当个体户的、搞承包的、考大学的、出国留学的,以及后来炒股票的、炒楼的、弄创业板的,这些人都改变了自己的命运。”顾骏说,“这些都不需要太多家庭关系,不需要资源,有胆子去做就行。”但是现在的情况不一样了。一个人生存越来越需要资源,没有家庭背景和社会资源的人,改变自己的命运越来越难。
    • 他举例说,现在学生去一些金融单位应聘,都需要填写一份家庭关系表,能不能被录取,在填写表格的时候,就已经注定了。“没有资源进行交换的学生,最终只有被淘汰的命运”。而唐家岭那些“蚁族”,并不是所有大学生的问题,而是没有资源的穷学生的问题。
    • “社会资源主要是经济资源、组织资源和文化资源三种。在国外,三种资源往往是统一在某些少数群体手上,收入、权力、声望,一般都是一致的,三者统一。中国在20世纪90年代中期以前,三种资源是不统一的。干部有权,但它的经济收入和文化资源,相对较少;知识分子原来是有声望有文化,社会名声不错,但权太小,钱太少;老板有钱,但是声望和权力资源匮乏,20世纪80年代的老板有一句话:穷得只剩下钱了。”陆学艺在接受媒体采访时曾这样谈到。

      “现在呢,不少官员的工资虽然不高,但是有房有车,有的人即使是高中毕业,也要去弄个博士当;很多教授工资也高了很多,有人买了车,住上了高级公寓。而老板中的博士也不少了,有不少还当上了政协委员和人大代表。”陆学艺分析道,“现在的危险不在于上层人物开始兼具三种社会资源,而是公平、公正、合理上做得不够。渠道开放不够,比如户口制度卡着,农民子弟除了考大学这条路,没有别的渠道向上流动,即使出来打工,还是个农民工。”

    • 他提醒,社会资源在集聚,而后续的改革没有跟上,户口、就业、人事制度基本上还卡着,社会流动的渠道有被封闭的危险。

      对于一个社会来说:不同层次人员的流动,有利于整个社会和谐。流动越活跃、通道越畅通,社会通常越有活力。相反,如果不能在中国形成公正、合理、开放的社会阶层结构和社会流动机制,可能引发社会结构性矛盾,使中国经济的现代化发展面临困难,甚至有倒退危险。

    • “关于他划分的十大阶层,我认为并不合理。我认为,中国阶层划分应该用一个同心圆来表述。而同心圆的核心就是‘权力’。离权力越远的人,就像螺旋转动一样,被抛出局外。”
    • 我们应当努力营造一个有利于向上流动的社会环境和氛围,让所有人都能够怀有一个“中国梦”,即只要是中国公民,只要努力向上,不论是偏远地区农民的子女还是城市居民的子女,每个人都有平等的机会和上升的空间,都可以凭借自身的才华和拼搏,改变命运。
    • 近年来,“农民工二代”、”贫二代”、“富二代”、“官二代”、“垄二代”(全家几代人都在国有垄断企业)的概念日渐清晰,人们感到改变命运的渠道越来越窄。由社会底层向中间阶层以及更上阶层流动的难度真的越来越大了吗?
    • 从古至今,“读书受教育”一直是底层人士实现向上流动,改变自身命运的一种方式。1978年我国恢复高考后,一大批贫寒子弟通过高考走上了另一条人生道路。许多人砸锅卖铁也要让孩子读书。然而,这种观念正在慢慢发生了变化。
    • 这个道理在高考录取中也是一样。全国各地学生考取北京著名大学的分数就高于北京市户籍的学生。有调查显示,在重庆市,每5个考生中几乎就有一个考生加分。2010年加分人数占到17.19%,2009年更是达到30%。而农村的孩子更少有获得加分的机会。

      北京大学教授潘维的一组数据印证了这一说法,北大农村学生的比例从上世纪50年代的70%降至如今的1%。调查显示,即便是以农学为主的中国农业大学,1999年至2001年,农村新生均在39%左右,2007年已跌至31%。

  • Why lite and pro

    tags: iOS app marketing

  • tags: Reddit Community

  • tags: startup lesson

    • It takes a while for something new and different to find its footing and I think Google was just not patient,” he told
    • Like Wave, Buzz launched with much fanfare in February of this year. But unlike Wave, Buzz was available to many users right of the box, and instead it was security issues and misunderstandings that led to its initial stumbles. The Buzz team worked quickly to smooth those out, but now the service has a much more serious issue: indifference.
    • I’ve long since hidden my Buzz link in the “More” area of Gmail because the perpetual unread count was driving me insane. But I click on it at least once a day. And what do I see when I do? Not much. I follow just about 100 people. As far as I can tell, 90+ percent of all the content being put into my Buzz stream are Tweets that are being automatically pushed from Twitter. It really is FriendFeed all over again! Except minus all of the good conversation that would happen there.
      • You can’t algorithmically create the social graph from an address book.
      • You can’t wedge everything that a social network is into a tab in email.
      • It came along too late.
    • Thanks to where it’s housed, Buzz looks like Gmail. Gmail, which probably my most used and favorite overall web app, is far from pretty. It looks utilitarian. It looks like the opposite of a place that I would want to share pictures, for example. Both Twitter and Facebook look beautiful next to it.

      Look at the latest social sharing app that’s seeing some early success, Instagram. They started with a social graph of zero, but they nailed the sharing dynamic, including the appropriate look and feel for a social app. And surprise, people are using it. Can you imagine if that were built-in to Gmail to start? There would be millions of happy users right now.

    • One of the repeated pieces of advice sounded like something that you’d tell suitors who are looking for potential mates: “Be yourself.” Both App Store audiences and the outlets that serve them (Chen acted as a representative of the gaming press) are interested in developers and their stories, so if developers can tell their stories honestly, in a way that will get their audience interested and involved in App Store apps, they’ll have a good chance at getting their apps to the people who will want to buy them.

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

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